How did the government encourage the building of the railroads?

Nationalization of the railroads 1948

1Bolivia in the 19th century began one of the longest processes in its history. This is the case of the construction of railroads. The need to modernize communication routes led to the development of railroad transportation policies. Towards the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth century, railroads expanded at an accelerated pace. The “railroad era” also had repercussions in the country, influenced by the development of the industrial revolution; its general impact is little known in the national historiographic environment.

2This article describes in a synthetic and general way the development of the construction of railroads, characterized by complex economic, political, social, territorial and diplomatic circumstances. It analyzes the relations with neighboring countries and with British and American imperialism, which were decisive in the political actions of liberals and republicans. He also makes a series of reflections on the impacts produced as a result of the construction of the railroads.

Towns affected by the 1990 railroad closure

It also has connections to Paraguay, Bolivia, Chile, Brazil and Uruguay. At present, the extension of the freight railroad network in operation is almost 18,000 km[3] and 967 km for the passenger network in the Buenos Aires metropolitan area.[4] The development of the network was initially promoted by Argentine capital.

The development of the network was initially promoted by Argentine capital, and soon joined by British and French capital in a preponderant way. Its expansion was largely related to the agro-exporting economic model based on agricultural and livestock production in the Pampa region, and it is there where the largest amount of railway lines are concentrated. It follows a radial scheme where the main lines converge in the City of Buenos Aires.

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The State also had an important participation in the expansion of the railroad network through the so-called development railroads, lines that went where it was not profitable for private investments. A large part of what would later become the Ferrocarril General Belgrano, the most extensive of the network, was built in this way by the Ferrocarriles del Estado company.

Argentine railroads yesterday and today

The axes on which the reform revolves are the separation of infrastructure management and service operation activities and the progressive opening of rail transport to competition. The achievement of these objectives requires a profound modification of the structures and functions of the current agents of the railway sector, as well as the creation of new ones to ensure the proper application of the new regulations.

The new regulation of the regime applicable to the railway sector maintains the validity of the general rules on land transport contained in Law 16/1987, of July 30, 1987, on Land Transport Management. This law only expressly repeals Section 2 of Chapter II, and Chapters III, IV and V of Title VI of Law 16/1987 and other rules incompatible therewith.

Finally, the possible existence of a multitude of players in the railway market makes it necessary, on the other hand, to create a Railway Regulation Committee to resolve any conflicts that may arise between them and to guarantee the correct operation of the system.

Argentine railroads today

Rarely the impact of technology diffusion is uniform in one region. The form it spreads and it is adopted affects the way it influences the social, economic and demographic aspects in a given space. The object of this article is to investigate the chiaroscuros of regional adoption of railroad during the Porfirian Regime in Mexico 1876-1911. How far this technological advance favored regional development during the years of porfirian order and progress.

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The purpose of this paper is to discuss some points about the economic impact of the adoption of this means of communication during the Porfiriato. It is intended to demonstrate, through regional analysis, the inaccuracy of considering the railroad as a global catalyst of economic prosperity during this period of Mexican history. As will be observed below, the responses to the challenges and advantages of the railroad were disparate: some regions, localities and social actors were unable to alleviate the competitive disadvantages posed by the flow of goods, while others were able to respond to the new needs, obtaining great economic and political benefits. Thus (Matthews, 2008), the study of the impact of the railroad in the Porfiriato suggests a deeper scrutiny in each region, which, although based on general frameworks of analysis, will necessarily have to deal with the particularities of the results that each locality and municipality yields.

How did the government encourage the building of the railroads?
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