How did the government support railroads?

How did the government support railroads?

Ferrocarriles nacionales de méxico jubilados

Este artículo analiza el periodo de 1937 a 1940 durante el cual el gobierno federal mexicano nacionalizó las propiedades de Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México (FNM), la empresa dominante dentro del sistema ferroviario del país. El gobierno cardenista justificó esta importante medida argumentando que la empresa había sido incapaz de hacer frente a la creciente demanda de servicios de transporte que había generado la recuperación de la economía tras la gran depresión. Sin embargo, la expropiación de los activos de FNM no supuso una mejora cualitativa de sus servicios ni una mayor oferta de transporte ferroviario. Por el contrario, en mayo de 1938 el gobierno federal transfirió la operación de la empresa al Sindicato de Trabajadores Ferrocarrileros de la República Mexicana (STFRM), decisión que agravó algunos de los problemas laborales que la empresa había sufrido desde el fin de la Revolución. Aunque la Administración Obrera de los Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México (AOFNM) intentó aumentar la eficiencia reduciendo los gastos de operación, tuvo constantes enfrentamientos con la dirigencia del STFRM, que consideraba prioritarias las demandas salariales de los trabajadores.

The nationalization of the national railroads of mexico.

Golden Spike” ceremony at Promontory, Utah, on May 10, 1869, symbolizing the completion of construction of the first transcontinental railroad in the United States.

Construction of the railroad was motivated in part to interconnect the Union during the American Civil War. This greatly accelerated the population of the West by white settlers, while contributing to the decline of the Indians in these regions.

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In 1879, the U.S. Supreme Court formally established November 6, 1869, as the official completion date of the transcontinental railroad in its decision in Union Pacific Railroad v. United States.

The route of the railroad followed the main roads used for the opening of the West, the so-called Oregon Route, Mormon Route and California Route, and that of the Pony Express. Going from Council Bluffs (Iowa), it followed the Platte River through Nebraska, left the traditional route to cross the Rockies into the Great Divide Basin in Wyoming and then cut through northern Utah and Nevada into the Great Basin before crossing the Sierra Nevada to Sacramento.

President who nationalized the railroads

Between 1849 and 1850, the Frenchman Hippolyte du Pasquier de Dommartin obtained authorization from the governments of Chihuahua and Sonora to build an interoceanic line.    However, Antonio López de Santa Anna first suppressed it as it was under federal jurisdiction and then granted it without the desired subsidies and conditions, and with the Treaty of Mesilla, the corresponding territory left Mexican hands.

In 1858, Manuel Escandón declared: “Ever since there were railroads in Europe, the idea of building one in Mexico has been a kind of mania in me. I consider that what is left for me to do on earth is this classic work… My resources have been employed without any tax in the business, already exceeding 2,000,000 pesos which have been invested up to the present”.

In spite of the enthusiasm implicit in this mania, it was not until December 1872 that it was completed and President Sebastián de Lerdo de Tejada took the first train from Mexico City to the port on January 1, 1873.

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The world’s first transcontinental railroad

A railroad is said to have been used in the construction of the Royal French Army fortress at Louisburg, Nova Scotia, in 1720. [1] Between 1762 and 1764, at the end of the French and Indian War, British Army engineers built a gravity railroad (mechanized tramway) (Montresor’s Tramway) that ascended the steep terrain of the Niagara River bank at the Niagara Portage (which the local Senecas called the “Crawl on All Fours”) in Lewiston, New York.[2] The first transcontinental railroad in the world is said to have been used in the construction of a railroad.

The state governments granted charters creating the business corporation and granting a limited right of eminent domain, which allowed the railroad to purchase the necessary land, even if the landowner objected.[Note 1

In 1835 the B&O completed a branch line from Baltimore south to Washington, D.C.[5] Boston & Providence Railroad was incorporated in 1831 to build a railroad between Boston, Massachusetts and Providence, Rhode Island; the road was completed in 1835 with the completion of the Canton Viaduct in Canton, Massachusetts.

How did the government support railroads?
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