Construir un futuro mejor: acciones para fortalecer la agenda 2030 para el desarrollo sostenible
El crecimiento económico sostenible promueve el desarrollo humano cuando utiliza los recursos disponibles para mejorar el bienestar y la calidad de vida de la población mundial. Y el desarrollo humano requiere libertad ideológica y política, equidad social y redistribución de la riqueza, sostenibilidad ambiental, seguridad personal y colectiva, entre otros. En este sentido, el artículo plantea la relación entre crecimiento, desarrollo económico y progreso humano. Para lo cual se diseñó un estudio descriptivo-documental, donde se plantean las siguientes preguntas ¿Es posible combinar el desarrollo sostenible y el crecimiento económico? ¿Es el medio ambiente una limitación para el desarrollo? ¿Las cuotas de productividad y los niveles de consumo no dañan el medio ambiente y las condiciones de vida de la población? ¿Es posible un modelo de crecimiento que tenga como objetivo principal el desarrollo humano? Para responderlas, se han recogido las principales aportaciones científicas que apoyan teóricamente la propuesta de un modelo de crecimiento económico sostenible cuya finalidad es el desarrollo humano y el progreso social. No podemos concebir un modelo de desarrollo basado exclusivamente en la acumulación material y el crecimiento económico, a costa de la riqueza y la sostenibilidad del medio ambiente, y que no tenga en cuenta el libre ejercicio de las capacidades y potencialidades humanas.
Sustainable territorial development what it is
The concept of sustainable living is based on sustainable development which was defined by the Brutland report as development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. A sustainable lifestyle then involves adopting habits and behaviors that allow us to live sustainably by minimizing our impact, using fewer natural resources, replenishing those that have been used and reducing our waste.
This lifestyle is often described as “living in harmony with the earth”. People who practice this lifestyle modify their habits and implement changes in their lives that reduce their environmental impacts, such as their ecological footprint or carbon footprint. They use sustainable modes of transportation, reduce their energy consumption, their consumption habits and may even modify their diet.
Living sustainably means applying sustainability to every life decision. The United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) uses a more extensive definition, considering that sustainable living is a way of life in which social choices and behaviors are made that minimize their impact on the environment and favor equitable socioeconomic development and a better quality of life for all. The UNEP defines sustainable living as a way of life in which people make social choices and behaviors that minimize their impact on the environment and favor equitable socioeconomic development and a better quality of life for everyone.
According to its definition, Sustainable Development seeks to satisfy the needs of present generations without compromising the possibilities of future generations, based on three key factors: society, economy and environment. Likewise, it is a method designed for the long term and with progressive benefits, which should be carried out in a permanent manner.
In addition, it works on issues such as environmental management and economic development, playing a key role in generating recommendations for trade policies, finance, international investment and the management of natural resources within sustainable development.
In order to achieve that conflicts related to the environment and economic, social and cultural development can be solved – achieving an equitable progress, it is necessary to raise awareness with the sectors involved.
Working hand in hand with Sustainable and Sustainable Development is a process of equitable improvement, and a great option for SMEs, transnational companies, industries and governmental sectors that are interested in improving their practices.
Sustainable territorial development pdf
Unesco’s Working Group on the Ethics of Water Use agrees on the need for water management in the 21st century to be based more on ethical principles than hitherto. The relationship between ethics, natural resource management and energy was discussed at the 5th World Water Forum, held in Istanbul on March 20.
Approximately 15% of the world’s population does not have easy access to drinking water and 40% does not have an adequate sanitation system to dispose of its waste. These two factors combined are one of the main causes of mortality and morbidity. For this reason, both issues were included among the United Nations Millennium Development Goals in 2000.
Water management experts are very clear about one thing: there is no universal solution for all countries, as social, cultural and political factors are often just as important as those relating to climatic, hydrological and ecological characteristics.