How do you lift a heavy person?

How to lift a person without force

On numerous occasions, dependent elderly people do not know how to get out of bed by themselves due to lack of mobility. In these cases, they require the help of a caregiver to do it safely. To lift bedridden patients or an elderly person out of bed:

There are occasions when the lack of reduced mobility is high and the elderly person is wheelchair-bound. In this case, the lifting process is somewhat different. To transfer a patient from a bed to a wheelchair you must:

How to lift a person off the floor

It is true that pregnancy is not a disease, so the woman continues to live her normal life, although establishing certain limits in some tasks for her safety and that of her baby. And one of them is the recommendation not to lift heavy objects during pregnancy.

A woman’s body changes and adapts completely during pregnancy to meet the needs of the baby. The American Pregnancy Association explains that during this stage it is easier to get injured because ligaments loosen and joints become more unstable. The lower back also becomes more vulnerable, as it has to support the extra weight of pregnancy.

One of the first recommendations that the doctor gives to women after learning that they are pregnant is that they should not lift a lot of weight and, if they do, they should do so with great caution. Moreover, if the job requires this type of effort, the woman can ask for a change of position or even a medical leave if it is not possible.

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To assess workplace safety, the U.S. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) developed guidelines that limit the amount of weight a worker can safely lift during pregnancy, taking into account the stage of pregnancy, how often the woman lifts heavy objects, and how those objects are lifted. They can be extrapolated to any daily routine.

How to lift an obese person off the floor

When you transfer a person out of bed, what you are doing is helping a person who is bedridden move from the bed to a chair or wheelchair. You may also help move the person back to his or her bed. You can use pivot transfer, transfer by running a little at a time, or transfer with assistance from a sliding board. A belt can be used with any of these transfers.

A person who is bedridden may be independent (needing minimal assistance) or completely dependent. An independent person should be encouraged to move around on his or her own as much as possible. A person who is completely dependent cannot get out of bed without assistance. Consider the following when planning a bed transfer:

To use this method, the person must be able to sit up with assistance and bear some weight on the legs. Stand facing the seated person. Bend your knees slightly while keeping your back straight. Ask the person to put their hands on the edge of the bed if they can. Place your arms under the person’s arms. Ask the person to help you by using your arms to move your body to the edge of the bed. The person will stand up briefly before sitting in the chair or wheelchair. You can help the person stand up using the transfer belt:

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How to lift an unconscious person

Non-specific back pain – lifting; Back pain – lifting; Sciatica from lifting; Low back pain – lifting; Chronic back pain – lifting; Herniated disc – lifting; Disc herniation – lifting; Disc slippage – liftingImages.

Hertel J, Onate J, Kaminski TW. Injury prevention. In: Miller MD, Thompson SR, eds. DeLee Drez & Miller’s Orthopaedic Sports Medicine. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2020:chap 34.Lemmon R, Leonard J. Neck and back pain. In: Rakel RE, Rakel DP, eds. Textbook of Family Medicine. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 31.

English version reviewed by: C. Benjamin Ma, MD, Professor, Chief, Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, UCSF Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, San Francisco, CA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Translation and localization by: DrTango, Inc.

How do you lift a heavy person?
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