Vitamins for macular degeneration
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) “I have lost vision, I see a spot in the center and crooked lines “If you find it hard to read, drive or see faces, straight lines are crooked and you see a black spot in the center, you should visit an ophthalmologist immediately because you may suffer from AMD, Age-related Macular Degeneration.
And what is the macula? The macula is the central part of the retina, located at the back of the eye. It is responsible for us to see details clearly and therefore to read, drive or see faces.
What will happen on the first visit? On your first visit with us, Dr. Miguel Castilla will conduct a questionnaire to identify and define as much as possible symptoms, history and other pathologies (if any).
What can happen if you don’t get treated? As always, it depends on each person. Keep in mind that AMD is the second leading cause of blindness in the world, so regular check-ups after the age of 40 to prevent it are very important.
Dry macular degeneration
AMD is an inherited, neurodegenerative disease that affects the area of maximum vision in your retina, called the macula. It does not hurt, but it causes the death of the cells of this part called macula.
This pathology causes the loss of sharpness of central vision, so necessary to see objects clearly and to perform activities such as reading, watching television or driving that require seeing in great detail.
In addition to drusen, patients at this stage have a great deterioration of light-sensitive cells and supporting tissue in the central area of the retina, which can cause a blurred spot in the center of their vision.
For its part, the most frequent cause of macular alteration is age-related macular degeneration, although we can also notice it with any other problem affecting the macula of both eyes such as diabetic retinopathy or hereditary diseases affecting the macula, such as Stargardt’s disease.
However, people suffering from this pathology, although they must be treated immediately, will be able to perform other routine activities since, as it does not affect peripheral vision, there is no total loss of vision.
Wet macular degeneration
Age-related macular degeneration, or AMD, is a disease that blurs the sharp, central vision needed for straightforward activities such as reading, sewing or driving. AMD affects the macula, the part of the eye that allows you to see fine details. AMD does not cause pain.
Dry AMD occurs when the light-sensitive cells of the macula slowly break down, causing the central vision of the affected eye to become blurred. As dry AMD worsens, a blurred spot may be seen in the center of vision. Over time, as the function of the macula decreases, the central vision of the affected eye may be lost.
With the other eye seeing clearly, you can continue to drive, read and see fine details. You may notice changes in your vision only if AMD affects both eyes. If you experience blurred vision, see an ophthalmologist for a complete dilated eye exam as soon as possible.
In addition to drusen, people with advanced dry AMD have a breakdown of the light-sensitive cells and supporting tissue in the macula. This breakdown can cause a blurred spot in the center of your vision.
New treatment for macular degeneration
In the early stages, and especially when only one eye is affected, the patient may not notice any changes. Therefore, regular examinations are necessary to detect associated symptoms and prevent complications.
It is a slow process that usually progresses over time with no predictable worsening. Regular intake of vitamins for the retina is recommended: in the long term, they have been shown to reduce the progression of the disease. Of particular importance are omega-3 acid (DHA), lutein and zeaxanthin. They are found in a varied diet, especially in fish, but there are also supplements in tablet form available in pharmacies.
It is a more aggressive version of the disease in which a more abrupt loss of central vision is seen. It occurs when there is a breakdown of the barrier that keeps the retina dry, resulting in edema or bleeding. A quick diagnosis is important as it can be treated with an injection of medication into the eye that tends to “dry the retina”.