How long does it take to lose vision with macular degeneration?

Wet macular degeneration

It is true that, as age progresses, some people with RHD may eventually lose vision completely but it is also important to know that many people with RHD will maintain a remaining vision that can be variable.

It is a disease with enormous genetic heterogeneity, which means that there are many possible mutations and many possible genes that could cause it. Depending on the mutation and the specific gene that causes it, the degree of progression may vary.

It is estimated that in 15 to 20 out of 100 families with retinitis pigmentosa, in addition to ocular symptoms, there may be other symptoms, such as deafness, obesity, kidney disease or neurological symptoms. These are the cases of retinitis pigmentosa associated with a syndrome. The most frequent syndromes are Usher syndrome and Bardet-Biedl syndrome.

Congenital Stationary Congenital Night Blindness is a non-progressive disease characterized by difficulty or inability to see in relatively low light from infancy, but with moderate ability to see details.

Macular Degeneration Treatment Injections

Smoking is as bad for your eyes as it is for the rest of your body. If you smoke, you can have serious eye problems that could cause vision loss or blindness. Two of the biggest threats to your vision are as follows:1,2

Macular degeneration, also called age-related macular degeneration (AMD), is an eye disease that affects central vision. You need central vision to see objects clearly and to perform common tasks such as reading, recognizing faces and driving.

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If you already have age-related macular degeneration, quitting smoking can slow the progression of the disease.2 Age-related macular degeneration gets worse over time. Quitting smoking is something you can control and can save your vision. Other healthy habits can also help protect your eyes from cataracts and age-related macular degeneration:3,4

If glasses and brighter light don’t help, you may need surgery. A doctor will remove the cloudy lens and replace it with an artificial lens. This clear plastic lens becomes a permanent part of your eye. 4

Macular degeneration in young people

Your health care provider will perform a complete eye exam. Treatment will depend on the cause of the vision loss. For long-term vision loss, see a low vision specialist who can help you learn to stand on your own two feet and lead a full life.

English version reviewed by: Franklin W. Lusby, MD, ophthalmologist, Lusby Vision Institute, La Jolla, CA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Editorial team. Translation and localization by: DrTango, Inc.

Latest Advances in the Treatment of Macular Degeneration

The complement system protects against infection and attacks diseased and dysplastic cells and respects healthy cells. However, so that there are no attacking actions against healthy cells, there are inhibitory mechanisms to protect the organism itself, in which the aforementioned Factor H plays a very active role. Alteration of Factor H would produce inflammation, confirming that AMD has an inflammatory basis, as occurs with arteriosclerosis and Alzheimer’s disease. In the short term these advances will serve to identify patients at high risk of developing the disease, and in the medium term to investigate new forms of treatment for this disease.

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Some have fallen by the wayside, such as radiotherapy and, practically speaking, thermotherapy, which is hardly used today. Of the historical ones, laser photocoagulation is still used, but only in those cases in which the neovessels are at least 300 microns away from the central area of the macula (the fovea), since the laser, in addition to burning the abnormal veins, also destroys healthy tissue, as it is not a selective technique.

How long does it take to lose vision with macular degeneration?
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