Tobacco leaf sales in Colombia
The study prepared by AFI also highlights the almost 3,400 jobs created by tobacco leaf cultivation and the first processing industry in Extremadura, where 97% of tobacco agricultural production is concentrated. “The existing economic activity around tobacco facilitates the maintenance of the population in rural areas”, the Tobacco Board assures.
On average, each direct job in the sector generates 2.6 indirect and induced jobs along the value chain, although in some links the ratio is higher. Thus, each job in manufacturing generates 5 indirect or induced jobs, while 3.1 indirect and induced jobs are created in distribution.
Growers highlight, in this line, that “between 2011 and 2015, 60 million euros have been invested in curing facilities to replace the use of fossil fuels (such as diesel or propane) with biomass and the result is that today 70% of the tobacco grown in Extremadura is cured with bioenergy”.
Cultivo de tabaco en colombia
Este trabajo analiza la estrecha relación entre el intento de cultivo de tabaco en España, que se produce en la primera mitad del siglo XIX, especialmente durante 1824-1833, y la dificultad de implementar nuevas fórmulas para abastecer la renta del tabaco, una vez que se produce la disolución de la Fábrica de La Habana y culmina el proceso de independencia de las colonias americanas. En ese camino hacia una nueva formulación colonial, en la que España intentará seguir las pautas de los imperios coloniales británico y francés, el tabaco, como producto estratégico de la hacienda española, sigue jugando un papel fundamental que ha de ser redefinido, tanto en la metrópoli, como en los espacios coloniales.
Este trabajo forma parte del proyecto de investigación “La configuración de los espacios atlánticos ibéricos. De políticas imperiales a políticas nacionales en torno al tabaco. Siglos XVII-XIX”. HAR 2015-66142R.
21Como es conocido el espíritu de la reforma de López Ballesteros fue primordialmente intentar un incremento de los ingresos, volviendo a la situación anterior a la reforma de Martín de Garay, aunque el fracaso de este propósito condujera inevitablemente a una política de reducción de gastos (Presupuesto de gastos de 1/05/1828), y a hacer frente al arreglo de la deuda (Caja de amortización):
Tobacco cultivation inta
…always the men with a tizón in their hands, and certain herbs to take their sahumerios, that are some dry herbs put in a certain oja, also dry, like a musket made of paper, of those that the boys make the passover of the Holy Spirit, and lit by the one part of the other they suck, or sip, or receive with the breath inside that smoke, with which they numb the flesh and it almost makes them drunk, and thus, they say, they do not feel the tiredness. These muskets, or as we shall call them, they call them tabaccos. During the twentieth century, numerous medical studies were carried out on the subject.
During the twentieth century, numerous medical studies were demonstrating the harms of tobacco, and denying its possible therapeutic usefulness. On the other hand, its consumption went from being mainly male to a greater balance between the sexes.
Tobacco can cause diseases of the respiratory system. The most frequent pathologies associated with smoking are bronchitis and emphysema. These two phenomena are essentially inflammatory and destructive, but can be complicated by obstructive lesions, alveolar fibrosis and even pneumothorax. Nicotine also has a direct effect on the vascular system and can cause gangrene as a complication of Buerger’s disease.
Tobacco exports in Colombia
Most middle school students do not smoke; only 1 in 50 students do. And most high school students do not smoke either; only 9 out of 100 do.
Tobacco is a plant that can be smoked in cigarettes, pipes or cigars. It is the same plant from which smokeless tobacco, which is used for chewing, spitting or sucking, is made. Smokeless tobacco is not lit or inhaled like the tobacco in cigarettes, pipes and cigars. Instead, this type of tobacco is placed between the lip and gum and sucked into the mouth.
Tobacco contains nicotine, a chemical that causes a pleasant, tingling sensation. But this sensation lasts only a short time. Nicotine is also addictive. This means that if you start using nicotine, your body and mind get used to it and you will need it to feel good.
In general, people do not like smoking or chewing tobacco the first time they do it. The body is smart and knows it is being poisoned. When people first try smoking, they often cough a lot or feel pain or burning in their throat and lungs. This is the lungs’ way of trying to protect you and tell you to keep them smoke-free.