Profound hearing loss
In general, when we talk about deaf people, we do not always use this term accurately. We usually qualify as deaf anyone who has lost hearing, however, this is not correct.
We must distinguish two terms that are closely related, but are not exactly the same: hearing loss and deafness. Both concepts allude to hearing loss, however, they have different characteristics.
The main difference between deafness and hearing loss is the degree of intensity of the hearing loss. Thus, people suffering from hypoacusis suffer a hearing loss that does not exceed 70dB, while people with deafness have lost more than 70dB in their hearing capacity.
Fortunately, hearing loss can be remedied today, as long as it is not anacusis, which is the total and absolute loss of hearing in one or both ears. In other cases, where hearing has not been completely lost, hearing aids are one of the preferred hearing solutions for those who want to regain their hearing.
Conductive hearing loss
Deafness is the difficulty or impossibility of using the sense of hearing due to a partial (hypoacusis) or total (cofosis), unilateral or bilateral hearing loss. Thus, a deaf person will be unable or have trouble hearing. This may be an inherited trait or may be the result of disease, trauma, long-term exposure to noise, or aggressive medications to the auditory nerve.
Hearing loss occurs when there is decreased sensitivity to sounds that are normally felt. The terms impaired or hard of hearing are generally reserved for people who have relative insensitivity to sounds in the speech frequencies. The severity of hearing loss is classified according to the need to extend the increase in volume above the normal level before the listener can detect it.
Another aspect of hearing involves the perceived clarity of a sound rather than its amplitude. In humans, this aspect is usually measured by speech perception tests. These tests measure the ability to understand speech, not just the detection of sound. There are very rare types of disorders that affect hearing and understanding of speech. In humans, this aspect is usually measured by speech perception tests.
Adapted from: Newman, C.W., Weinstein, B.E., Jacobson, G.P., and Hug, G.A. (1990). The Hearing Handicap Inventory for Adults [HHIA]: Psychometric adequacy and audiometric correlates. Ear Hear, 11, 430-433.
There are several ways to do this. You can start with your primary care physician, an otolaryngologist, an audiologist, or a hearing aid specialist. Each has different training and experience. Each cannot be an important part of your hearing health care.
An otolaryngologist is a physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the ear, nose and throat. An otolaryngologist will try to find out the cause of your hearing problems and offer treatment options. He or she may also refer you to another hearing professional, such as an audiologist. The audiologist has received specialized training to identify what type and how severe your hearing loss is. He or she can also tell you what treatment options you have. In addition, audiologists may be authorized to fit you for hearing aids. Another professional who can fit you for hearing aids is a hearing aid specialist or audiologist. The hearing aid specialist must be licensed by the state to perform basic hearing tests and evaluate the results, offer counseling, and fit and test hearing aids. Before you can be fitted for a hearing aid, you must be examined by a physician. Federal law allows you to waive this right if you do not wish to be examined before purchasing the hearing aid.
Hearing Impairment Act
How severe is your hearing loss? It depends on the sound levels you can hear. Your hearing care professional will plot these levels on an audiogram to determine the severity of your hearing loss. Hearing loss is generally classified into seven degrees: normal, emerging, mild, moderate, moderate/severe, severe and profound.
How severe is your hearing loss? It depends on the levels of sound you can hear. Your hearing care professional will plot these levels on an audiogram to determine the severity of your hearing loss. Hearing loss is generally classified into seven degrees: normal, emerging, mild, moderate, moderate/severe, severe and profound.