What are the 3 most common physical disabilities?

What are the 3 most common physical disabilities?

Physical disability pdf

The WHO (World Health Organization) defines disability as “a complex phenomenon that reflects an interaction between the characteristics of the human organism and the characteristics of the society in which it lives”. The term encompasses problems affecting a body structure or function, limitations in activity and the restrictions in participation that these entail.

Among the different types of disability, physical motor disability occurs when a person has a physical condition that permanently and irreversibly prevents him/her from moving with the full functionality of his/her motor system. It affects the locomotor system and affects especially the limbs, although it can also appear as a deficiency in the mobility of the skeletal musculature.

Motor disability can be caused by a genetic condition, as in the case of cystic fibrosis, or due to external causes such as accidents and amputations. However, other times it can appear as a symptom of some conditions affecting the brain, the spinal cord or the musculature itself. Some of the most common are the following:

Physical disabilities examples

Impairments are problems affecting a body structure or function; activity limitations are difficulties in performing actions or tasks, and participation restrictions are problems in participating in life situations.

Thus, disability is not only a health condition specific to the individual, but the result of the interaction between human limitations and the environment in which we live. The social context is recognized as a determining factor in a person’s disability.

People with physical disabilities are those who have a significant decrease in the ability to move one or more parts of the body. This may refer to decreased or uncoordinated movement, disorders in muscle tone or balance disorders.

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One of the main ones is spinal cord injury. Spinal cord injury is caused by the interruption of the nerve pathways that communicate the brain with the rest of the body through the spinal cord, an organ of the central nervous system through the spinal column.

Types of motor disability

Based on this definition, we can find different types of disability with different affectations and that have different repercussions on equal opportunities and restrictions on participation in society.

It is a category that can be used when there is clear evidence of intellectual disability, but it is not possible to define it due to inability to measure it in traditional tests, usually due to lack of cooperation of the person.

It affects 1% of the population. The main characteristic of people with schizophrenia is the distortion between their thoughts and emotions. It is common for the person to have delusions or delusional ideas, hallucinations, alterations in thinking, affectivity and behavior, etc…

There are different types of schizophrenia. Paranoid, when the symptoms are hallucinations and delusions; disorganized, when mood disturbances predominate; catatonic, when motor disorders predominate; undifferentiated, when there are symptoms of various kinds but none predominates and residual, when the disease becomes chronic and symptoms are attenuated.

Types of disability (conadis)

The WHO (World Health Organization) defines disability as “a complex phenomenon that reflects an interaction between the characteristics of the human organism and the characteristics of the society in which it lives”. The term encompasses problems affecting a body structure or function, limitations in activity and the restrictions in participation that these entail.

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Among the different types of disability, physical motor disability occurs when a person has a physical condition that permanently and irreversibly prevents him/her from moving with the full functionality of his/her motor system. It affects the locomotor system and affects especially the limbs, although it can also appear as a deficiency in the mobility of the skeletal musculature.

Motor disability can be caused by a genetic condition, as in the case of cystic fibrosis, or due to external causes such as accidents and amputations. However, other times it can appear as a symptom of some conditions affecting the brain, the spinal cord or the musculature itself. Some of the most common are the following:

What are the 3 most common physical disabilities?
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