What are the 4 types of dyslexia?

What are the 4 types of dyslexia?

Superficial dyslexia

Before talking about the proper curricular adaptations for a correct progress in the learning of the student, it is important to have the correct knowledge of the types of dyslexia to give an effective approach.

Below we will discuss three of the most common types of dyslexia that require attention and corrections. It is important to mention that corrections should not be transformed into persecution, and only lead to positive results through a good relationship between the teacher, the student and the complement of activities given by the specialist.

In fact, schoolchildren with this type of dyslexia, also present memory problems, so they are always new and the incorporation of vocabulary is limited; the level of information processing is slow.

As can be observed, it is difficult for the student to join the syllables to reach a meaning, he reads the first syllable, then the second and then the third. When asked what it says, he cannot answer.    He reads segmented reading very slowly and with great difficulty.    When he reads, he does not have reading comprehension, but if another person reads them, his comprehension is good.

Types of dyslexia in adults

In terms of evolution, it should be noted that with appropriate psycho-pedagogical intervention, improvement is remarkable in most cases, and does not usually have a negative impact on adult life. However, early treatment is essential in order to avoid the development of the child’s development:

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In the following, we will briefly describe what the 4 most frequently occurring learning problems among schoolchildren consist of, as well as key points in the area of classroom diagnosis and treatment.

The term dysgraphia is very broad, as it includes all learning difficulties related to writing, although within this group there are very different problems, of a different nature and with different symptoms.

It is a learning problem that affects a very specific area: arithmetic and can affect basic concepts such as addition, subtraction, division or more abstract concepts of algebra or geometry. In its diagnosis it is necessary to evaluate that there are no problems of psychomotor development or intelligence.

What are the types of dyslexia?

This neurodevelopmental disorder has as its main characteristic an impairment in the recognition of words during reading, which results in a decrease in reading comprehension, as well as an insecure way of reading. This results in a high probability of school failure.

Dyslexia is defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM, version 5) as a specific learning disorder included in the category of neurodevelopmental disorders.

People with dyslexia experience difficulties not only in reading but also in writing and mathematics. Deficits related to processing speed, motor skills, visual or auditory perception, short-term memory, organization, spoken language or sequencing may also appear.

We are talking about a neurodevelopmental disorder, which gives it a chronic nature, i.e., it will be present throughout the person’s life. Therefore, people with dyslexia learn techniques and strategies to improve their reading ability and overcome these difficulties.

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Phonological dyslexia

Neurological studies have found differences in the angular gyrus (brain structure located in the parietal lobe of the left cerebral hemisphere) between dyslexic subjects and control groups. Similar studies have shown that there is a poor functioning of this brain region.

Other more minority medical theories associate it to the fact that the right cerebral hemisphere, which would be responsible for processing visual information, performs its task at a slower speed than the left side, in charge of language processes, or that there is a poor interhemispheric connection.

Acquired dyslexia is that which occurs after a specific brain injury, while developmental dyslexia is that which occurs in patients who inherently present difficulties in achieving correct reading skills, for no apparent reason. Reading delay, on the other hand, is a reading disorder due to specific causes: superficial reading, poor schooling, etc.

What are the 4 types of dyslexia?
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