What are the Sustainable Development Goals? The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), also known as the Global Goals, were adopted by the United Nations in 2015 as a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet, and ensure that by 2030 all people enjoy peace and prosperity.
Progress has also been limited in other regions, such as South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, home to 80% of the world’s population living in extreme poverty. In addition, new threats posed by climate change, conflict and food insecurity require greater efforts to lift people out of poverty.
The Sustainable Development Goals are a bold commitment to finish what we started and end poverty in all its forms and dimensions by 2030. This requires focusing on the most vulnerable, increasing access to basic resources and services, and supporting communities affected by conflict and climate-related disasters.
What year was the League of Nations founded?
The Palais des Nations in Geneva, Switzerland, home of the UN Office at Geneva. The Palais was built in the 1930s to house the League of Nations. UN Photo/Jean-Marc Ferré
In 1899, the International Peace Conference was held in The Hague to elaborate instruments for the peaceful settlement of crises, the prevention of war and the codification of the rules of war. The Conference adopted the Convention for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes and established the Permanent Court of Arbitration, which began work in 1902.
Objectives of the League of Nations
The United Nations Organization or UN, also called the United Nations (UN), is the largest and most important international organization on the planet. Most of the world’s recognized nations belong to it.
The UN has a complex and diverse organization, which allows it to focus the discussion on specific issues and aspects of international interest. It has the representation of interested countries and the concert of nations, which may well offer themselves as mediators or impartial arbitrators.
The member countries resort to it to discuss and resolve different dilemmas that affect humanity as a whole. Through free voting systems, the UN can decide on the need to take action of any kind to resolve a specific problem.
Its resolutions can range from issuing international requests whose fulfillment is more or less obligatory, to intervening through an international coalition (the “blue helmets” or Peace Forces) in some region of the world, etc.
The League of Nations at a glance
The League of Nations achieved some successes in its work, helped to settle peacefully some conflicts in the immediate post-war period and had its heyday in the period 1924-1929. During this period the Locarno Treaty was signed in 1925, Germany joined the League in 1926, and the Briand-Kellogg Pact was signed in 1928. However, when the international situation became turbulent after the depression of 1929, the League of Nations proved totally incapable of keeping the peace.
The League of Nations was based on the principles of collective security, arbitration of conflicts and disarmament. The League of Nations Pact (the first 26 articles of the Treaty of Versailles) was drafted at the first sessions of the Paris Conference, which began on January 18, 1919, on the initiative of U.S. President Woodrow Wilson.
After the end of World War II in the middle of the 20th century, the League of Nations was dissolved on April 18, 1946, and was succeeded by the United Nations (UN). It was not really a succession of one international body by another. The experience of the League of Nations is the closest thing to today’s UN, but that precedent was not even mentioned by the drafters of the Charter since, wanting to restructure the post-World War II world, the victorious States opted to make the League of Nations disappear and create an entirely new international organization.[7