Rural Families: A Model of Inclusion for the Countryside
Huge crowds at polling places in the second phase of the 2006 Assam Assembly election, Rupahi, Nowgaon, Assam, April 18, 2006. Image via Flickr from Public.Resource.Org (CC BY 2.0).
Approximately 1.9 million people now face the prospect of becoming stateless in the northeastern Indian state of Assam after they were excluded from the updated National Register of Citizens (NRC).
In June 2019, a draft version of the registry was published, which left out 4.1 million applicants. The most recent publication has generated criticism from within the ruling party and has left the fates of Assamese people up in the air.
The National Register of Citizens (NRC) is a government registry that contains the names and information relevant to the identification of all Indian citizens. The registry was initiated after the 1951 census of India and, until recently, had not been updated. Assam, located in northeast India, is the first state in India to update the NRC.
At least 16 protesters killed by police in India.
A group of people stand in line to check their names in the first draft of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) in Gumi village of Kamrup district in the Indian state of Assam on January 1, 2018.
The decision to impose a statewide citizens’ registry has generated comparisons to Mianmar’s state of Rakáin, where Rohinya Muslims have long faced persecution due to their Blangladeshi ancestry.
Many of the state’s Bengali communities have lived in India for decades, after crossing into Assam during the bloody struggle for independence from Bangladesh (formerly East Pakistan) in 1971. Many others arrived much longer ago, arriving before India’s independence in 1947.
Officials say no one will be deported until a deportation process is clarified. Officials have assured that those left off the list will be able to file appeals from August 30 to September 28, 2018.
The reasons for the protests by participating student organizations, human rights activists, religious organizations and secular groups included alleged creed-based discrimination against Muslims, as the law makes no mention of that religious group as either refugees or local people, during the first demonstrations, the Indian police used brute force in an attempt to manage the situation. On December 15, police forcibly entered the campus of Jamia Millia Islamia and Aligarh Muslim University, where Muslims were being held for the first time.
On December 15, police forcibly entered the Jamia Millia Islamia campus and Aligarh Muslim University, where protests were taking place. Police used batons and tear gas against the students. More than two hundred students were injured and about one hundred students were detained overnight at the police station. The police brutality was widely criticized and resulted in rejectionist demonstrations across the country in response. The police brutality was widely criticized and resulted in rejectionist demonstrations across the country in response.[16
After the bill was passed on December 4, 2019, violent protests broke out in Assam, especially in Guwahati and other areas of the state. Reactionary protests also took place in several Indian metropolitan cities, including Delhi, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Kolkata, and Mumbai.
AUM MANTRA of YOGA MEDITATION
Muslims represent only 14% of India’s population, but they are 180 million people, almost equal to the population of Pakistan. In a few decades, the number of Muslims in India will exceed that of Indonesia, and thus India will become the country with the largest number of Muslim inhabitants in the world. But these are minority Muslims who are increasingly being made to feel that they are not tolerated in their own country.
The BJP’s overwhelming victory, which gave it an absolute majority in the lower house (with 37.4 % of the votes, given the mode of counting) and exempts it from making concessions to allies, was interpreted by Modi as an unequivocal power to immediately implement the BJP’s program.
A ruthless curfew was implemented in the region, political leaders were placed under house arrest – including former BJP allies – and internet supply was cut off. Foreigners2 and even opposition parliamentarians were banned from entering Kashmir, while the authorities claimed that the region was a “no go” zone.