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When the State decides to recognize the autonomy of the person, what it has decided is to establish the scope that corresponds to him as an ethical subject: to let him decide about his own life, about what is good and what is bad, about the meaning of his existence “Constitutional Court, Sentence C-355 of 2006.
In Colombia, the Constitutional Court assures that “in this sense, reproductive rights, including the Voluntary Interruption of Pregnancy (VTP), are implicit in the fundamental rights to life with dignity (Articles 1 and 11), to equality (Articles 13 and 43), to the free development of personality (Article 16), to information (Article 20), to health (Article 49) and to education (Article 67), among others”.
As part of the country’s development indicators and sustainable development goals, the monitoring of maternal mortality continues to be a priority in Colombia and constitutes an input to take actions for improvement to guarantee the reproductive rights of all women. In addition, extreme maternal morbidity is monitored.
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The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA, United Nations Fund for Population Activities, UNFPA, renamed the United Nations Population Fund in 1987, although it retained the acronym) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that began sponsoring population policy programs in 1967. It is directed by Natalia Kanem. It is one of the agencies under the United Nations General Assembly and is headquartered in New York.
It is the leading international institution in reproductive health programs, mainly birth control, family planning and the fight against sexually transmitted diseases, especially in underdeveloped countries. It works in more than 140 countries on policies to support women and youth.
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Moreover, the Fourth United Nations Conference on Women, held in Beijing in 1995, placed reproductive health within the context of sexual and reproductive rights and within the general framework of human rights. In this regard, the Platform for Action adopted at that Conference recognized that “the human rights of women include their rights to have control over and decide freely and responsibly on matters related to their sexuality, including sexual and reproductive health, free of coercion, discrimination and violence” (IPPF, 1998).
More recently, at the ICPD+5 Forum, held in The Hague in February 1999, NGOs, international organizations and governments reviewed progress in implementing the Cairo Conference Plan of Action and set out new actions for the future. In addition to reaffirming reproductive health as a basic human right, they stressed the need to involve men in reproductive health issues and to inform and provide services to young people. The forum noted that developed countries have not allocated the material, human and institutional resources needed to implement the ICPD Program of Action. The latter established that two-thirds of the cost of reproductive health programs in developing countries would come from their own funds, and that the remaining third would be provided by the international community. Although they have increased their efforts in this area, they have not complied with what was agreed (El País, 1999:34).
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Guided by the Programme of Action adopted at the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) held in Cairo in 1994 and the Sustainable Development Goals of the 2030 Agenda, UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund, contributes to enabling women and young people to lead healthy and productive lives.
UNFPA seeks to strengthen national policies and international development agendas through the integration of evidence-based analysis on the relationships between population dynamics, sustainable development, sexual and reproductive health and rights, HIV, and gender equality. To achieve this, the following purposes have been outlined: