It is a modern metropolis, which, despite a rapid evolution of industrial and urban development, has managed to maintain the monuments of great historical and architectural value. It is home to Sherwood Forest and the legend of Robin Hood, as commemorated by his sculpture near the city’s castle, with a maze of caves running through it. Near the castle is the Museum of Nottingham Life and the former Ye Olde Trip to Jerusalem inn. Other centers of tourist interest are the Galleries of Justice, the Old Market Square, which is its nerve center with the huge building of the Council House, Nottingham Playhouse or the Theatre Royal & Concert Hall, as well as beautiful medieval churches like St. Mary’s and large shopping centers and stores scattered throughout this lively city.
In Anglo-Saxon times the area was part of the kingdom of Mercia, and was known in the Brythonic language as Tigguo Cobauc (‘Place of Caves’). Nottingham Castle was built in the 11th century on a sandstone outcrop by the River Leen. The Anglo-Saxon settlement became the English borough of Nottingham and housed a Town Hall and Court House. A settlement also developed around the castle on the opposite hill and was the French town supporting the Normans in the castle. Over time, between the space was built over the growing city and the old market square became the focus of Nottingham several centuries later. On Richard the Lionheart’s return from the Crusades, the castle was occupied by supporters of Prince John, including the Sheriff of Nottingham. By the 15th century Nottingham had established itself as a center of a flourishing export trade in religious sculpture made of Nottingham alabaster. The city became a county corporation in 1449 granting it self-government.
Nottingham invites you to walk through its wide streets and picturesque parks such as Colwick Park, Arboretum and Embankment. You should visit Sherwood Forest and learn all about the history of the legendary Robin Hood, considered the most important English folk hero of the country. A unique attraction of the city is Nottingham Castle, where you can get beautiful views of the city and admire the bronze statues of the famous character. The castle also houses two major museums: the Sherwood Foresters Regimental Museum and the Nottingham Castle Museum.
In the west of the county, agricultural and industrial landscapes mingle, in a region where novelist DH Lawrence grew up and based many of his most important works, and where the Byron family vault is located.
Nottingham also has the kind of attractions that don’t come along very often, such as the Galleries of Justice, which give you the opportunity to tour a Victorian-style jail and courthouse where people were sentenced and executed.
In the center of town at Appleton Gate is the National Civil War Center, which will guide you through the causes and pivotal events of this conflict, while there is also a Civil War Trail around this beautiful old town that points you to the many fascinating sites.
The problem with Worksop Manor, Clumber House, Thoresby Hall and Welbeck Abbey is choosing just one or two to visit, because they all have something to recommend them, whether it’s intrigue-filled history or beautiful walled orchards.
In Anglo-Saxon times the region was part of the Kingdom of Mercia, and was known in the insular Celtic language as Tigguo Cobauc, meaning Place of Caves, or also City of Caves. In Welsh it is known poetically as Y Ty Ogofog, and in Irish Gaelic as Na Tithe Uaimh, “The Cave Dwelling”. When it fell under the rule of a Saxon chieftain named Snot, it became known as “Snotingaham”; Snot’s village farm.
After Richard the Lionheart returned from the Crusades, the castle was occupied by supporters of Prince John, including the Sheriff of Nottingham. It was then besieged by Richard and, after a sharp conflict, was captured. In the legends of Robin Hood, Nottingham Castle is the site of the final confrontation between the Sheriff and the outlaw hero.
By the 15th century Nottingham had become a flourishing commercial center, noted for the export of religious sculptures made of Nottingham alabaster. The city became a county corporation in 1449 granting it effective self-government, in the words of the charter “for eternity.” The castle and the county of Hall were expressly excluded and remained as separate parishes of Nottinghamshire.