What it means Collateral is a personal asset that you already own, such as your car, a savings account or a home. Why it’s important Collateral is important to lenders because it offsets the risk they take in offering you credit. Using your assets as collateral will give you more borrowing options, including credit accounts that may have lower interest rates and better terms. Using collateral If you have assets such as equity in your home, you could potentially use your home equity as collateral to secure a loan; this could allow you to take advantage of a higher credit limit, better terms and a lower rate. But, remember, when you use an asset as collateral, the lender may have the right to repossess it if the loan is not repaid.
What it means Conditions refer to a number of factors that lenders may consider before extending credit. Conditions may include: Why it’s important Conditions are important because they could affect your financial situation and your ability to repay the loan. Lenders may also consider your customer history when applying for new credit. Since they may assess your overall financial responsibility, the relationship you have established with them can be valuable when you need more credit.
The 5 C’s of Ecuadorian credit
The question then arises: what are the aspects that financial intermediaries have traditionally taken into account when granting credit? The answer lies in a very simple model known as the “Five C’s of credit”: Capacity, Capital, Collateral, Character and Convenience.
Whether the credit applicant has the “capacity” to pay sufficient to meet its obligations is perhaps most important. To determine such capacity, the financial intermediary investigates how the loan applicant intends to meet its obligations, carefully considering its cash flows, payment schedule, experience and credit history. To the extent that the borrower has made timely and full payments on past loans, it is expected to be more likely to do so in the future and, therefore, the intermediary should be more willing to extend the loan.
The applicant’s “capital” is constituted by the resources that he/she personally has invested in the business for which he/she has requested the loan. To the extent that the applicant has more personal resources invested in the project, he/she will have more incentives to be more prudent in the management of the loan resources, thus favoring the possibilities of complying fully with the loan.
Importance of the 5 C’s of credit
Applying for credit can seem like a mystery. You apply, cross your fingers and hope you’ll soon have access to cash. But what happens in the process? How do lenders decide who gets credit and how much they get? Here’s what you need to know.
When you apply for credit, you’re asking a lender to take a risk on you. Beyond simply applying for money, the application process is about demonstrating your ability to repay that money.
When considering your application, lenders look at a variety of factors, including your credit history, your income and any current unpaid debt. The main factors taken into consideration when assessing creditworthiness are generally known as the five C’s, and these broadly reveal why some people have no problem gaining access to credit, while others are turned down.
Lenders want to know if they can trust you to pay them back on time and in full, plus any interest they charge. When reviewing your application, they look for clues about your financial behavior.
Most professionals in the credit business are very familiar with the 4Cs of credit. That is, how characteristics, capacity, condition and capital are used to assess an applicant’s financial risk.
Financial and credit professionals have the potential to provide thoughtful and intuitive insight into the behavior, characteristics and profile of their customers. This detail, when worked upon, is the basis for confident decision making and change enabled by the use of data in the credit and corporate arena.
Credit professionals must feel compelled to lead and drive internal change (4C). The industry has moved from basic order management activities to more strategic credit management at the customer level. And it will make significant progress when it incorporates the operational and strategic advantages provided by portfolio analytics.