Number of a ship
The Royal Navy is the naval warfare branch of the British Armed Forces. Founded in the 16th century, it is the oldest service branch in the United Kingdom and is therefore known as the Senior Service. From the early 19th century until World War II it was the most powerful navy in the world and played a key role in establishing the British Empire as the world’s dominant power.
After World War II the Royal Navy was replaced by the United States Navy as the world’s leading naval power. During the Cold War it was transformed mainly into an anti-submarine force hunting Soviet submarines and mostly active in the GIUK gap. With the collapse of the Soviet Union its role for the 21st century has refocused on global expeditionary operations.
The Royal Navy is a Blue-Water Navy and because of its potential to project power globally is considered the second largest in the world. As a leading blue-water navy, it operates a number of highly technologically advanced ships including two 65,000 gt aircraft carriers (HMS Queen Elizabeth (R08) and HMS Prince of Wales (R09), both undergoing sea trials prior to commissioning).  It currently has: two amphibious assault ships, four ballistic missile submarines, six nuclear-powered attack submarines, six guided missile destroyers, 12 frigates, 11 minesweepers, 26 patrol boats, 11 RFA auxiliary ships and 33 Royal Marines landing craft. The navy maintains the UK’s nuclear weapons through its ballistic missile submarines. The sum total of the Royal Navy and Royal Fleet Auxiliary is about 800,000 gross registered tons (4th in the world by tonnage, though 2nd by combat capability thanks to its future two new 65,000-grt Queen Elizabeth-class aircraft carriers, and its two amphibious assault ships).
Under the Maritime Labor Convention, seafarers are entitled to stop work and be repatriated at the employer’s expense after the expiration of their contracts. The maximum period they can stay on board is 11 months.
Molloy says there are many seafarers across the industry who refuse to speak out for fear of not being rehired and feel they have no choice but to sign extension after extension, even though it violates national and international rules.
“They told me they had tried in vain to get flights from the UK to Manila. I found and sent them details of available, albeit expensive, flights from Manchester and London, and told them they had plenty of options to replace these seafarers: there are 300,000 worldwide waiting to get a contract,” Molloy said.
Unfortunately, not all crew members felt confident enough to risk the wrath of their employers by asking for repatriation. Molloy revealed that the ACL vessel sailed from Liverpool for Canada with some Filipino crew members who had been on board for almost 15 months, a period far longer than the nine months stipulated in their original contract.
Vessel identification number
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Drivers traveling to and from the EU must be aware of the rules on the food, drink and plants for their own use that they can take with them. These rules apply to products carried on their person, in their luggage or in the vehicle.
Drivers cannot carry products with meat or dairy products (e.g. a ham and cheese sandwich or coffee with milk) when entering (currently) or leaving the EU (from January 1, 2022). Almost all plants and plant products, including fruit, vegetables and flowers and seeds, require a phytosanitary certificate before entering the EU.
If drivers carry prohibited products with them, or do not have the necessary certificate, they will have to use, consume or throw them away at the border or before reaching the border. If they fail to do so, they could be confiscated and destroyed at the risk of costs and fines.
Vessel call sign
Regulation (EU) 2020/2227 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 December 2020 amending Regulation (EU) 2017/2403 as regards fishing authorizations for Union fishing vessels in United Kingdom waters and fishing operations by United Kingdom fishing vessels in Union waters.
THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and in particular Article 43(2) thereof,Having regard to the proposal from the European Commission,After transmission of the draft legislative act to the national Parliaments,After consulting the European Economic and Social Committee,Acting in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure (1),Whereas:
When the CFP ceases to apply to and in the United Kingdom, the waters of the United Kingdom (the territorial waters and the adjacent exclusive economic zone) will cease to be part of Union waters. Consequently, without an agreement between the Union and the United Kingdom containing provisions on fishing, Union and United Kingdom fishing vessels risk not being able to make full use of the fishing opportunities that may be available by 2021.