The application of this technique requires planning and instruction of the client on its use.To plan a self-recording, we must:a. Select the behaviors to be observed, define and delimit them.b. Specify the units of measurement that are relevant to the behaviors (frequency, duration, intensity, timing).c. Design the self-recording format.d. Train the subject, explaining to him or her how to use the self-recording format. Train the subject, explaining the behaviors to be recorded, exemplifying the use of self-recording, putting it into practice and, if necessary, reinforcing the subject’s motivation through a verbal or written commitment.2. Response countersA mechanical instrument is used to count the occurrence of the behavior. The subject presses a button when the behavior appears.3. Timing devicesWhen what we are interested in recording is not the frequency but the duration of the behavior, we use a stopwatch. The subject starts the stopwatch each time he/she begins to perform the behavior.4. Electronic devicesIt is also possible to use instruments that record video or audio, so that the subject can report on the behaviors.
Mar112019One of the tools that psychologists work with in consultation has to do with the records that we ask patients to make throughout the week (self-registers). Although this task can sometimes be tedious, it allows us to give meaning to the therapeutic process as long as the person notices changes in their behavior.
When we talk about recording we are talking about first observing what we want to increase or decrease, then noting how many times it occurs throughout the day or week, and finally analyzing and working with what has occurred. This means that when we carry out a record we are becoming aware of our behaviors or our thoughts, we are stopping acting impulsively, sometimes turning off the autopilot with which we operate throughout the day.
Self-recording is a very flexible tool that we can use in a very broad way as it will vary depending on the target behavior we want to evaluate and the parameters chosen to measure it. For example, we can use self-monitoring when we are trying to eliminate a negative habit, as it will allow us to know when this habit occurs, what triggers it, the level of discomfort that occurs and the consequences it has had on each occasion.
Stress is a physical and emotional reaction that we all experience when faced with any change in our lives. These reactions can have both positive and negative effects. Stress, therefore, is the automatic and natural response of our body to situations that, in principle, we find anxiogenic, threatening, challenging or that we interpret and perceive them as if they were. Both our life and our environment, in constant change, demand continuous adaptations; therefore, a certain amount of stress (activation) is not only good but also totally necessary.In this article of PsicologíaOnline, we are going to show some techniques that we can do at a psychological level to overcome stress and anxiety.
This article is merely informative, in Psychology-Online we do not have the power to make a diagnosis or recommend a treatment. We invite you to see a psychologist to treat your particular case.
SELF-RECORDINGOne of the techniques to perform the functional analysis, allows to obtain information and record at the moment the behavior occurs and other events that are subject of evaluation, unlike the interview, the data provided need not be biased by the memory and reconstruction of the past.
SELF-OBSERVATIONIt is about attending to one’s own behavior and recording it through previously established procedures. It is essential to observe behaviors related to privacy, for example: thoughts, decision making, fantasies, behaviors triggered by internal reactions and high frequency behaviors.