What is self-reporting
Stress is a physical and emotional reaction that we all experience as soon as we are faced with any change in our lives. These reactions can have both positive and negative effects. Stress is therefore the automatic and natural response of our organism to situations that, in principle, we find anxiogenic, threatening, challenging or that we interpret and perceive them as if they were. Both our life and our environment, in constant change, demand continuous adaptations; therefore, a certain amount of stress (activation) is not only good but also totally necessary.In this article of PsicologíaOnline, we are going to show some techniques that we can do at a psychological level to overcome stress and anxiety.
This article is merely informative, in Psychology-Online we do not have the power to make a diagnosis or recommend a treatment. We invite you to see a psychologist to treat your particular case.
Autorregistro en psicología
La obesidad es uno de los mayores problemas de salud en la actualidad, afectando a millones de personas en todo el mundo, lo que obliga a todos los profesionales de la salud a trabajar en su prevención y tratamiento. El papel de los psicólogos en la intervención de la obesidad ha sido tradicionalmente el de tratar los trastornos psicológicos comórbidos con los que suele estar asociada. Sin embargo, las intervenciones psicológicas específicas para la obesidad desde una perspectiva cognitivo-conductual están disponibles desde hace más de cuatro décadas, pero aún no están generalizadas. En este artículo se revisa la breve historia de la intervención psicológica de la obesidad, se analiza la evidencia empírica que apoya estas intervenciones, se recopilan los componentes típicos del enfoque cognitivo-conductual, incluyendo varios protocolos de intervención, y se destacan los retos que le quedan a la psicología en la intervención de esta enfermedad.
Para citar este artículo: Baile, J. I. , González-Calderón, M. J. , Palomo, R. y Rabito-Alcón, M. F. (2020). La intervención psicológica de la obesidad: desarrollo y perspectivas. Clínica Contemporánea, 11, e3, . https://doi.org/10.5093/cc2020a1 La correspondencia sobre este artículo deberá ser enviada al primer autor al e-mail: [email protected]
This psychologist is known worldwide for having developed Cognitive Therapy, initially for Depression and later applied to many other psychological problems, demonstrating great therapeutic efficacy.
Actually, what happens, according to this theory, is that it is not the situations themselves that produce discomfort (or the great intensity of the discomfort) directly, but the personal interpretations we make of them. This implies that, many times, not being able to be objective in a situation, we can distort the information we have at a given moment, or draw negative conclusions without sufficient information or even ignoring other more realistic and constructive information available. When this happens, says Beck, we make mistakes in interpretation or errors in reasoning.
Some people are more prone to make these errors, influenced also by some underlying beliefs, which may be rigid or incorrect, usually learned through education and previous experiences. There are also more errors of interpretation when different psychological disorders develop.
Psychological self-report pdf
Trichotillomania is considered as an impulse control disorder (DSM-IV). The clarification of its classification remains in question as it is related to OCD, since 10% OCD has been found in first-degree relatives of persons with trichotillomania.
Trichotillomania is among the disorders classified as impulse control disorders and which are not included under other headings such as intermittent explosive disorder, pyromania or kleptomania (DSM-III-R).
In times of stress or tension (aurosal), and as an escape route, she used hair pulling as a way to overcome such anxiety with the comfort and relief it brings. There has been a continuous and repeated failure to resist this impulse, reaching notable hair loss with abundant bald patches all over the head. The consequence of relief and gratification after pulling out the hair was one of the reinforcements that kept the problem going.
Little by little, the measures to solve the problem were varying, each one of them more original, like the well-known cap in which he put his fingers inside and pulled; even painting his bald spots black to disguise them.