Types of occupational hazards pdf
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b) MODERATE, POTENTIALLY EXTENSIVE DISEMINATION: pathogenicity is lower and the degree of contamination is less. The effects can be reversed by medical attention and may include hospitalization. Generally, the affected person needs medical attention only on an outpatient basis.
Risk estimation is preferably qualitative, obtained by a combination of experience, local or regional epidemiological data and specific bibliographic information. Epidemiological data are an important tool for risk assessment because they indicate which products most frequently carry agents hazardous to consumer health. For example, the relationship between cases of botulism and the consumption of canned vegetables is high; the same is true between the consumption of egg products and human infections by Salmonella Enteritidis.
Classification of occupational hazards
The way to carry out a correct Occupational Risk Prevention within a company is based on a correct evaluation of the risks that may exist. In this way, knowing the possible existing occupational risks, it will be possible to define the preventive measures aimed at reducing or avoiding the possible risks in each of the jobs.
All this implies a great variety of situations and risks and a certain complexity in the choice of the most appropriate preventive measures. Knowing the variety of risks and proposing the most effective measures is vital to be able to guarantee the reduction of occupational risks.
The aim of this article is to provide practical information on the main hazards and types of occupational risks that exist. If you would like more information on this subject, please see our article on occupational risk factors.
All workers, without exception, are to a greater or lesser extent exposed to these risks so we must be aware of the dangers to which we are exposed when we go to work, so CTAIMACAE wants to inform workers and raise awareness.
Types of occupational hazards and examples
Normally, occupational hazards are delimited around a specific action in a particular setting. However, psychosocial risks extend and cover a wider scope because the organizational culture or leadership in the company cannot be delimited.
Noise, lighting… have their own measurement parameters used by occupational risk prevention technicians. But how to measure the social cohesion of the workforce, the communication in the company? There are systems adapted to psychosocial risks, but they do not achieve such accuracy.
We cannot separate the physical dimension from the mental dimension of the human being. An example of this is the interrelation between higher risks of suffering a cardiovascular accident if one is experiencing stress.
For example, exposure to mechanical vibrations in the workplace is standardized and provided for in occupational risk prevention legislation. However, when it comes to psychosocial risks, the boundaries are blurred and, as a result, companies do not know where they stand.
Types of occupational hazards (occupational health)
Most workplaces have inherent occupational hazards. First and foremost are unsafe working conditions, such as unguarded machines, slippery floors or insufficient fire precautions. But there are also different categories of insidious hazards (i.e., hazards that are dangerous but not obvious).
Workers do not create the risks; in many cases, the risks are already in the workplace. The union’s job in occupational health and safety is to make work safer by changing the workplace and any unsafe procedures. In other words, the solution is to eliminate occupational hazards, not to strive to make workers adapt to unsafe conditions. Requiring workers to wear protective clothing that is unsuitable for the climate of their region is an example of how workers can be forced to try to adapt to unsafe conditions, passing the responsibility to the worker.