Right to remain silent united states
Army investigators focused their attention on the 125 men in Drechsler’s barracks, particularly those in the vicinity of his bunk, where the assault appeared to have begun. Some crewmen of U-615 and U-352 had bruises that they could not explain. The suspects were polygraphed and interrogated in detail using “enhanced” techniques. When Otto Stengel could take no more and named names to the interrogators, other confessions followed.
The defendants maintained that they were German sailors following the German code of military justice, which they considered applicable during captivity, and that Drechsler’s death was a matter of self-defense. Drechsler was a proven traitor and collaborator; his presence in Papago Park could only be interpreted as another attempt at treason and he had to be arrested. Informing the camp authorities of Drechsler’s past actions was obviously absurd (after all, he had been spying for the Americans), and the Germans concluded that they had no other way to handle the situation. Drechsler had committed the capital crime of treason, and they simply meted out the just punishment to one of their own. There was some evidence to suggest that the sailors had presented their evidence to the senior NCO and that this was a “sanctioned” operation.
Refraining from testifying is an exercise of the right of defense.
The origin of the right to silence is attributed to Sir Edward Coke’s defiance of the ecclesiastical courts and his ex officio oath. In the late 17th century it was established in the law of England as a reaction of the people to the excesses of the royal inquisitions in these courts. In the United States, informing suspects of their right to remain silent and the consequences of waiving that right is a key part of the Miranda warning.
European law ensures that persons suspected of a criminal offense receive adequate information about their basic rights during criminal proceedings. These are the right to a lawyer; to be informed of the charge; to interpretation and translation for those who do not understand the language of the proceedings; the right to remain silent and to be brought promptly before a court after arrest.
These rights are contained in a bill of rights, “the Reding rights,” a printed document given to suspects after their arrest and before interrogation.  The EU law, proposed in July 2010 by the European Commission, was adopted by the European Parliament and the Council in December 2011. The EU Directive was officially published on June 1, 2012 in the Official Journal of the European Union L 142, June 1, 2012.  It became operational throughout the European Union on June 2, 2014. 
Right to silence mexico
ACTION FOR DIRECT REMEDY – For unjust deprivation of liberty / UNJUST PRIVATION OF LIBERTY – Of civilians for the crimes of aggravated and aggravated theft and conspiracy to commit a crime / SECURITY MEASURE – Of the Unit Delegated before Regional Prosecutors of Barranquilla / SECURITY MEASURE – Consisting of preventive detention / MODIFICATION OF TYPICAL ADAPTATION – Of conduct of civilians granting the brothers M.J. provisional release / PROVISIONAL RELEASE – Granted to defendants and guaranteed with a surety bond / GUARANTEE BOND – Made by deposit in Banco Agrario de Colombia / COMMITMENT AGREEMENT – Subscribed by the party involved in criminal proceedings after deposit of a surety bond / PRECLUSION OF CRIMINAL ACTION – Declared by the 57th Sectional Prosecutor’s Office based in Barranquilla / UNJUST PRIVATION OF LIBERTY – Extended for the term of 5 months, 2 weeks and 4 days
APPEAL – Jurisdiction / Jurisdiction of the Council of State – Hearing actions for direct reparation filed for jurisdictional error, unjust deprivation of liberty or defective operation of the Administration of Justice.
What is the right not to testify?
13. Please indicate what steps the State party has taken to bring the penalty for instigation of torture in article 425 of the Criminal Code into line with article 4 of the Convention. daccess-ods.un.org
13. Please indicate what action the State party has taken to bring the penalty for instigating torture, as provided for in article 425 of the Criminal Code, into line with article 4 of the Convention. daccess-ods.un.org
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30. Discrimination that limits the political participation of minorities may manifest itself, inter alia, through: a type of electoral system that negatively affects the representation of minorities; political parties that are opposed to considering minority issues and bringing minorities into their political life; political parties that are opposed to considering minority issues and bringing minorities into their political life; political parties that are opposed to considering minority issues and bringing minorities into their political life.
30. Discrimination which inhibits the political participation of minorities may manifest itself in, among others: a type of electoral system which negatively affects minority representation; political parties which are adverse to minority issues and minority