Safety measures for working at heights
Most accidents involving falls in work at heights can be avoided and there are basic preventive measures to protect the worker while he is working at heights.
In addition, there are others that protect the worker from impact in the event of a sudden descent from considerable distances. Below, we will explain some of these measures to reduce the risk of working at heights.
Work at heights is also considered to be any type of work carried out below zero level, such as: wells, entering underground tanks, excavations deeper than 1.5 meters, and similar situations.
At the same time, mistakes can be made that put a worker at height at risk. For example: not checking the safety systems before using them. This is why it is important to be very aware of the measures to protect against falls from heights.
Active measures to protect workers from falls when working at heights are those that directly involve the person. They include elements that support or are in contact with the person performing the required function at a distance greater than two meters in height. Among the active protection measures we can find:
Risks of working at heights
Resolution 1178 of 2017Establishes the technical and safety requirements to be met by providers that provide training and training services in fall protection in work at heights.
Resolution 1903 of 2013Partially amends articles 10, 11 and 12 of Resolution 1409 of 2012 regarding the certification of apprentices exposed to the risk of falls, establishes criteria for authorized centers for training in work at heights with a focus on illiterates, and defines the criteria for the creation of UVAES (Vocational Learning Units).
Resolution 2578 of 2012SENA Resolution that establishes guidelines for natural and legal persons interested in providing training on work at heights and requirements to be met by training centers for work at heights in order to authorize their operation.
Resolution 2400 of 1979Establishes the provisions on housing, hygiene and safety in work establishments. Articles 188 to 191, 610 to 613, 616, 617, 619 to 621, 625, 627, 628 to 663, 667 to 669.
There is no explicit definition in the regulations but it is generally accepted that … “Any activity carried out at heights greater than 2 m above ground level (distance measured from the surface on which the worker is located to the lower level at which the worker would be retained if no means of protection were available) and/or at a height of more than 3.5 m (distance from the point of operation to the ground), where there is the possibility of a fall”….
Correct and adequate choice and use of protection and prevention systems and equipment against falls from heights: collective protection and individual protection equipment. The protection and prevention systems for working at heights are diverse. Their choice depends on the conditions of the work to be performed and the environment in which they are developed.
Theoretical and practical training that allows the worker to face in an efficient and safe way the risks derived from working at heights, through the knowledge and mastery of access and positioning techniques.
Procedure for working at heights mexico
From a technical and objective point of view, work at height is considered to be that in which an operator may fall to a different level from the one at which he is working, i.e., in which he may fall to a different level.
With the appearance of Royal Decree 2177/2004, of November 12, Royal Decree 1215/1997, of July 18, on minimum health and safety provisions for the use by workers of work equipment, in relation to temporary work at height, is modified in the following terms:
In particular, except in the case of ladders and systems used in rope access and positioning techniques, when there is a risk of falling from a height of more than two meters, work equipment must have guardrails or any other collective protection system that provides equivalent safety.
The handrails must be resistant, of a minimum height of 90 centimeters and, when necessary to prevent workers from slipping or sliding or to prevent objects from falling, they must have, respectively, an intermediate protection and a skirting board.