WHAT WOULD HAPPEN IF BEES DISAPPEARED?
Researchers from Kew Royal Botanic Gardens in the UK warned that the risks to the future of coffee are climate change, deforestation, drought and plant diseases.
“The important thing to remember is that coffee requires forest habitat for its survival, with so much deforestation around the world, wild coffee species are being impacted at an alarming rate, lead researcher Aaron P. Davis told CNN.
The study published in Science Advances, a collaboration between scientists from the United Kingdom and Ethiopia, stated that unless governments and commercial producers increase safeguards for coffee species and stockpile more seeds, the classic cup-of-coffee routine could become a more expensive and worse-tasting beverage.
This strange little animal is becoming extinct | AJOLOTE
The storage time of the beans as well as the type of drying to which they are subjected can profoundly modify their properties, resulting in a coffee that is more or less acidic, rich in phenols, etc. (Leite et al, 1996).
The tendencies in coffee consumption have varied substantially since the end of the Second World War, a fact that has been mainly motivated by the growth and development of the soluble coffee industry in the more developed countries. This process suffered a notable impact when the freeze-drying technology was applied to the production of instant coffee.
The coffee is roasted with a loss of 17 to 18% of weight and is stored by qualities in a group of hoppers, to later carry out a homogeneous mixture of the different types according to the requirements of international markets. Recent studies on the antibacterial activity of coffee beans show that for any degree of roasting, these beans show such activity. It is thought that during the roasting process certain substances are produced that confer such bactericidal quality (Daglia et al, 1994). However, these antimicrobial properties are not exclusive to the seeds (Mattews and Haas, 1993).
The extinction of the Megalodon – Why did the beast go?
Nature is deteriorating at an unprecedented rate. Numerous animal species no longer exist. We have finished with them, and there are only photographs left to know that one day, they walked on their two or four legs.
Nowadays, it is very difficult to know individually which kinds of flowers and plants are the most endangered. But there are initiatives like those of Umberto Pasti, an Italian philosopher and writer who has given up everything to try to save endangered species.
It is a plant that lives near streams and is mainly pollinated by a type of bats native to the area. Precisely the destruction of its habitat and the decrease of its pollinators are the main reasons why it is an endangered plant.
However, the situation of its wild congeners is threatened with extinction precisely because of the exploitation to which they have been subjected by human commerce and the destruction of their natural habitat.
Endangered frogs – Kerry M. Kriger
The coffee plant is native to the province of Kaffa, in the highlands of Abyssinia, present-day Ethiopia, where it grows wild. The energetic qualities of coffee were already known by the Galla tribe of Ethiopia in the 11th century, who mixed it with animal fat. Later, it was introduced to Arabia, from where it spread to the rest of the world with the Turkish domination of Anatolia.
Currently, the plant is cultivated mainly in tropical and subtropical countries. Brazil concentrates a little more than a third of the world production. Coffee beans are one of the main products of agricultural origin traded in international markets and often represent a great contribution to the export items of the producing regions.
Coffee cultivation is culturally linked to the history and progress of many countries that have produced coffee for more than a century. During 2012-2013, 87 million tons of coffee were produced, of which approximately 80% was exported for a value of US$19.1 billion, while the gross value of the total industry associated with the coffee trade is estimated at US$173.4 billion. Currently, more than 25 million family farms in some eighty countries cultivate around 15 billion coffee trees, whose production ends up in the 2250 million cups of coffee consumed every day..