Power steering oil reservoir
It is the Mexican Official Standard that establishes specifications and test methods to be met by lubricating oils, which are used in the engines of vehicles that use gasoline or diesel; in addition to the commercial information of lubricating oils marketed in national territory.
NOM-116-SCFI-2018 establishes the specifications and test methods to be met by lubricating oils, which are used in the engines of vehicles that use gasoline or diesel; in addition to the commercial information of lubricating oils, which are marketed in national territory.
This regulation is applicable to individuals and companies that produce, import and commercialize lubricating oils for four-stroke gasoline engines and/or lubricating oils for two and four-stroke diesel engines in Mexican territory.
For the benefit of the safety and integrity of consumers, it is essential that lubricating oils for the automotive industry comply with the specifications of Mexican Official Standard NOM-116-SCFI-2018.
Hazards of lubricating oils
1. Park the vehicle on a level surface, set the parking brake and shut off the engine. If necessary, raise the front of the vehicle by mounting it on a ramp or using a jack and supporting it on adjustable supports.
4. Once the vehicle is safely supported, put on safety glasses, crawl under the vehicle and locate the engine oil pan. (See references in the owner’s manual).
5. Locate the oil drain plug, which is a long flat head screw located on the bottom of the crankcase. The drain plug allows oil to drain out of the crankcase. (Note: some vehicles have two drain plugs).
7. Carefully remove the drain plug by hand, making sure that the oil drain pan is below the plug hole. The oil will flow quickly through the hole, but wait a few minutes for all the used oil to finish draining. (Check your owner’s manual for more information). CAUTION: OIL MAY BE HOT!
An important consideration for outdoor oil storage is the possible ingress of water. Drums stored outdoors are exposed to various temperatures, which cause the lubricant to breathe inside the drum.
Consider this situation: An uncovered oil drum stored outdoors is in the rain and collects water on the drum lid. When it rains, the temperature outside drops, causing the lubricant inside the drum to cool and contract. The next day, the sun warms the drum and the lubricant expands, releasing air from the tap on the drum lid. Later in the evening, the outside temperature cools and the oil in the drum contracts again, causing the key in the lid to “breathe” in air to fill the space inside the drum. With the air enters some of the water that was stagnant in the oil drum from the previous night’s rain and contaminates the oil.
Types of oil for power steering
The first thing we must do is to open the hood of our car. There, we will find a reservoir whose cap will have the image of a steering wheel, sometimes we will find this icon on the reservoir; it is there where we must place the liquid.
A key point is that you must know what type of system you have: mechanical, hydraulic or electronic, since for each one there is a special mixture. The price can start at 28 pesos, which is very affordable.
Likewise, it will be necessary to make this investment if upon examination we find that it is not clear, amber or pink in color, since this will mean that it is contaminated. Once you have the bottle, you must pour the liquid into the corresponding tank.
Avoid exceeding the maximum mark to avoid spills. When you finish this operation it is important that you move the steering wheel from one end to the other to remove all the air that is in the tank so that the volume settles, similar to the process that is done with a needle when you are injected, for a period of 15 minutes.