Who is responsible to check for asbestos in domestic property?

Who is responsible to check for asbestos in domestic property?

Preventive measures asbestos

Asbestos, also called asbestos [1] or uralite[2] is a group of six fibrous metamorphic minerals composed of double-chain silicates. Asbestos minerals have long, tough fibers that are flexible enough to be separated and intertwined. In addition, they resist high temperatures, making them excellent thermal insulators.[3] Due to their characteristics, asbestos is a very important material for the production of asbestos.

Because of its characteristics, asbestos has been used in a wide variety of manufactured products, mainly building materials (for roofing, tile, paper products and asbestos cement products), friction products (automobile clutch, brakes, transmission components), heat-resistant textiles, packaging, packaging and coatings, personal protective equipment, paints, vermiculite or talc products.

Archaeological studies have found evidence that asbestos was used as early as the Stone Age to strengthen ceramic pots,[4] and even in Greek times Herodotus mentioned it as early as 456 BC. [5] as it was used as shrouds wrapped around the dead before they were thrown into their funeral pyre in order to prevent their ashes from mixing with the fire itself, but it was not until the late 19th century that it was used on a large scale due to mining when manufacturers and builders began to use asbestos for its desirable physical properties.

Asbestos Fact Sheet

– Having regard to Directive 2009/148/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 on the protection of workers from the risks related to exposure to asbestos at work[1],

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– having regard to Directive 2004/37/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on the protection of workers from the risks related to exposure to carcinogens or mutagens at work (Sixth individual Directive within the meaning of Article 16(1) of Council Directive 89/391/EEC)[4],

– Having regard to its resolution of 10 March 2021 on the implementation of Regulation (EU) No 305/2011 laying down harmonized conditions for the marketing of construction products (the Construction Products Regulation)[6],

C.  Whereas the most common occupational cancer is lung cancer, which accounts for 54% to 75% of occupational cancers, and asbestos is the leading cause of lung cancer (45%)[7]; whereas exposure to asbestos in combination with tobacco use increases the risk of developing lung cancer[8];

Pneumoconiosis

Asbestos is a naturally occurring mineral whose fibers can be separated into fine, durable filaments. It is widely used in many industries because its fibers are an excellent insulator (it does not conduct electricity and is resistant to heat, fire and chemicals). It is also often used to reinforce cement and other materials.

However, it is a particularly hazardous substance [classified as carcinogenic category 1A in Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008 on classification, labeling and packaging of substances and mixtures]. Tiny fibers can be inhaled when handling asbestos-containing products, which in the long term can lead to diseases such as pulmonary asbestosis, mesothelioma and other forms of cancer.

Crocidolite and amosite are the two most dangerous forms of asbestos, as they carry the greatest health risks if their fibers are inhaled. Crocidolite has been phased out since the 1970s. However, much still remains in older structures.

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Asbestos safety data sheet

When a substance is released from a large area, for example from an industrial plant, or from a container such as a barrel or bottle, the substance enters the environment. This release does not always lead to exposure. You are exposed to a substance only when you come into contact with it. You can be exposed by inhaling, eating or drinking the substance, or by skin contact.

Levels near an asbestos mine or factory can reach 10,000 fibers/m³ (0.01 fibers/mL) or more. Levels may also be higher than average near buildings containing asbestos products that are being demolished or renovated or near a waste site where asbestos is not properly covered or stored to protect it from wind erosion.

Inhaling large amounts of zinc (in vapor or dust form during smelting or welding) can produce a short-lived illness called metal fume fever that is usually reversible once exposure ceases. However, little is known about the long-term effects of breathing zinc dusts or fumes.

Who is responsible to check for asbestos in domestic property?
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